Through the invitation of many pastors and dignitaries in Kenya, Stephen Galvano headed a ministry team that would travel to the African cities of Mombasa, Nairobi, Eldoret, and Harare.
Included in the Stephen Galvano Worldwide team was: David Singleton, who served as Team Leader (he also served in the same post during the SGWW Zambia crusade in 2000); Alfonso Galvano, who served as teaching coordinator for the pastor's sessions; Gary Danno, who served as logistics leader; Steven P. Galvano, who was responsible for documentation; Jeremy Galvano, who was responsible for photography and support; and Jim Kasanga, SGWW's Africa Administrator, who was responsible for administration, planning, and organization.
Stephen Galvano Worldwide Ministries financially sponsored this event. Much planning and organization had taken place from both SGWW headquarters in Rochester, and with the SGWW ministry team on the ground in Africa. In addition, SGWW committees were formed in the cities of Mombasa and Eldoret. In all, over a thousand people, in the space of a year, had participated in the logistical side of this event. Departments included transportation, security, protocol, financial,  prayer, music, the arts, and film production.

The hunger, openness, and readiness of the people of Kenya was evident from the moment the team touched the ground. Large-scale open air crusades and pastor's conferences were scheduled and took place in Mombasa, Kenya; Eldoret, Kenya; and Harare, Zimbabwe.
In Nairobi, Kenya, Stephen Galvano met with the Mayor and was made a honorary member of the city council. Other events were planned while in Nairobi such as visiting orphanages and schools.

The trip was an overwhelming success. In Mombasa, the first of three cities where crusade rallies and were held, approximately 11,000 people gathered to hear the gospel message of hope and love given by Stephen Galvano. Hundreds received salvation. Numerous testimonies were recorded such as a woman who had prepared poison and was prepared to kill herself, but something told her to first attend the crusade that night. That evening at the crusade, she received salvation and was delivered.
Even larger and more impacting gatherings held in the weeks following in Eldoret and Harare.
The pastor's conferences were also overwhelmingly successful. Hundreds and hundreds of pastors gathered daily. Many were deeply touched and renewed. The impact of the pastor's conferences in Mombasa, Eldoret, and Harare will have a residual effect in the nations and in the continent at large.

from the SGWW team:

The SGWW team had a unforgettable trip to Kenya and Zimbabwe. All of our lives were forever changed as God stretched each of us into service. He is still teaching us everyday to become more like Him. We are all extremely grateful to Pastor Stephen Galvano, the entire SGWW team, and all of the intercessors and supporters and all that made this trip of a lifetime possible.

After over a year of careful planning, the SGWW Team arrived in Kenya with great expectancy. In the weeks that followed, thousands in Kenya were touched, and team themselves would never be the same.
Welcome to The Kenya Experience...

The Team
Pastor Stephen Galvano
Team Leader: David Singleton
Teaching Coordinator: Alfonso Galvano
Logistics Leader: Gary Danno
Documentation: Steven P. Galvano
Photography and Support: Jeremy Galvano
SGWW's Africa Administrator: Jim Kasanga

The Arrival
The SGWW Team was welcomed in Mombasa, Kenya by Bishop Elisha Juma, his wife, over 200 Kenyans including officials, and a choir of 60 singing joyfully at their arrival. Each team member received a native Kenyan welcome which included song, dance, native garments, and a wonderful bouquet of flowers.
The Message
The following day the SGWW Conference began. Pastors, bishops, and leaders flooded in to hear the timely word of the Lord given by Stephen Galvano. That morning, Stephen Galvano spoke on being spiritual fathers while remaining sons in the kingdom of God. He spoke about how God has planted a seed of greatness within all of his people. Moved by the message spoken by Stephen Galvano, almost the whole church arose and went forward to receive a fresh anointing.

In Mombasa
Lives Saved, Changed and Renewed!
At the nightly crusades, the SGWW team witnessed nearly 3,000 people hungry for the word of God. The first night the team was blessed to see 73 precious souls receive Jesus as their Lord and Savior.
The Holy Spirit flowed throughout the team as people came forward for healing, deliverance, blessings, and the anointing of the Holy Spirit.
As the first week progressed, nearly 11,000 people attended the crusades. God really moved and hundreds of lives were saved, healed, and delivered
At one of the crusades God healed a woman with hole in the lining of her stomach. After days of pain she was completely healed that night. Through the healing power of Jesus Christ she was able to eat and drink pain free!
The team witnessed God straighten out a man's withered leg. This was just the beginning of miracles to come in the crusades that followed.

In Nairobi
When the SGWW Team arrived in Nairobi, Kenya, the favor of the Lord was expressed in a special way. Not only was the team embraced by a large reception of people, but Pastor Stephen Galvano was welcomed with open arms by the Mayor of Nairobi. The Mayor of Nairobi made Pastor Stephen Galvano an honorary member of city council, and they prayed and counseled with one another for quite some time in the mayor's parlor.

The Warning
It is better to trust in the Lord than to put confidence in in man.
Psalm 118:8

Later on in Nairobi, Stephen brought the team together to tell them about a dream he had. He had dreamed that a spirit of darkness was living among the people there. He told the team to take heed to the words of Prophet Ron LiCalzi, "Not to trust anyone but the Lord."
The words of warning from Pastor Stephen Galvano not only rang true while the team was in Nairobi visiting the orphanages and schools, but they showed true once again in Eldoret as each member of the team became ill during the trip. This spirit of darkness was no match for the saints of God whose prayers of protection surrounded the team. Prayer from Rochester, New York and many other cities around the world went forth on behalf of each team member.
For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strongholds;
2 Corinthians 10:4

Even while being ill, the team pressed on by ministering to the people with all of their heart and soul. Instead of becoming discouraged, the team came together and pressed onward toward the goal.
In Eldoret alone, thousands flocked to the nightly crusades as the team ministered along side Pastor Stephen Galvano. Approximately 300 souls were saved and countless lives were healed and set free.

In Harare, Zimbabwe
Dr. Jim Musaka and his team welcomed the SGWW team to Harare, Zimbabwe like they were family. For two days the team ministered to the hundreds of pastors who gathered to be deeply touched and renewed by the word of God on fatherhood and unity.
While in the nightly crusades hundreds received salvation, numerous testimonies were recorded of people being healed of HIV, migraine headaches, stomach problems and various infirmities.
The impact of the crusades and pastor's conferences in Mombasa, Eldoret, Nairobi, Kenya and Harare, Zimbabwe will have a residual
effect on the nations and the continent for years to come.



To our distinguished guests from the United States, Bishop Stephen Galvano and the rest of the team, on behalf of the United Pastors Fellowship and the Executive committee, I would like to register our most heartfelt appreciation to God who has given us this Divine connection and favor to hold such an exceptional conference and crusade which has drawn many people from different walks of life. Lives have been changed and Mombasa City has not been the same.
We would like also to express our sincere appreciation to you, Dr. Galvano, and your team to have hearkened to the Macedonian call and responded on time traveling many miles to a people that you have never seen before except in a vision. I believe every one of us will agree with me that your short visit has not only transformed our lives, but it has also imparted a ‘father spirit’ in us and I assure you that our cry now is that God make us fathers as we also remain sons!
We are moving from an orphanage to a home where hope is restored, a splendid home where there is much hope. A home where we are all builders, not cupbearers like Nehemiah. A home where our dreams can come true, a home of prosperity, a home of abundance and success, starting from just a seed.
Thank you so much Daddy Rev. Elisha Juma for allowing God to use you to connect us to these lovely brothers from U.S. Through your exemplary lives brethren, we have come to identify ourselves with you.
Indeed as Dr. Galvano said right from day one: you have come just to be with us, pray with us, simply to be there for us - I am happy to report to you that you have truly ministered to us by just your presence.
Like the queen of Sheba, now we have seen what Bishop Elisha has told us about the World Ministry Conference in New York -- and even more.
We are making a commitment to come next year in April for the conference; you will not see just a few from Kenya but many. My host brethren, we are left with no choice but to go and as the saying goes: ’where there is a will there is a way’. I believe this is an open door and we need to act by faith to make our dream a reality. God told Abraham to go to the unknown and so he went because God provided. Let that same God provide for us. The turn up this time round from Africa will honestly challenge the rest of the world so shall it be said that God visited Africa.
Bishop Galvano, I am sure you have sensed the deep spiritual hunger and thirst in Africa especially during this short visit with us. We pastors in this city are overwhelmed by the fact that many ministers though called by God have not been trained and equipped for the work of the ministry. It is in this respect that we would like to request for your fatherly advice and networking in order to realize maximum training potential for the ministers.
We will be glad if we can be part and parcel of Stephen Galvano Worldwide Ministries since it is evident to us from what we have seen and heard that you are the right people who can father us in Africa to know God better.
Last but not least, we will keep on praying for you as God uses you throughout the world for great impartation in the lives of men and women. God bless Bishop Dr. Galvano and your team, God bless America. Pray for us, we are coming to Rochester for the World Ministry Conference. Thank you so much for loving us. May God grant you journey mercies.

Thank you all.
This speech is written and read to you by pastor Lawrence O. Oseje – secretary, on behalf of

Let me take this opportunity to let you know that I personally was blessed by your teachings during the seminar and the crusade in our city of Eldoret. I cannot express the joy in my heart when I remember you teaching us about who we are in the Kingdom of God. In the seminar, you told us that we are chosen and anointed of God the almighty. You taught that we should be fathers to our churches, fathers to our own families, to our communities and even the government. You also told us that we should encourage our wives and children.
Let me say this, from the bottom of my heart your teaching has changed my mind, my feelings, and my lifestyle. It is my prayer each day that I become a blessing to my family, the church, my community and the government. Receive the blessings from Heaven in Jesus name. I Love you Bishop Galvano. The board committee which organized your seminar/crusade is saying that you blessed them in a mighty way. On their behalf, I want to take this opportunity to appreciate you and your entire team for visiting our city Eldoret. The churches are going to grow in a great way in Jesus name. May the of heaven and earth continue to bless you abundantly and give you more strength in the spirit and your heart in Jesus name. I have started the prayer for God to open the door for me to attend the 2004 conference in april. I am believing God will provide for me to be there in the conference. May God bless you richly in Jesus name.
Yours in the Lord's service,
Rev. Andrew K. Kuria

Greetings in the name of the Almighty God. I once again thank you for the seminar in Eldoret. You gave many teachings through which my people have received blessings. I hope the upcoming conference in the U.S.A will teach me more as a church leader. May the Almighty God reign his glorious blessing in you so as to lift his Name high.GOD BLESS YOU MY BELOVED BROTHER.

Yours faithfully,



The church greatly appreciated your coming and teaching you gave during your visiting. May God bless you abundantly and continuing to give more wisdom to share with his people.

The church was really lifted by the word of prophecy upon his church, which God spoke to us through you.

The church do pray that may God give you and your team another time so that you may come and share and teach his church again.

Personally it’s my prayer that God will provide me with air ticket to enable me attend next year’s World Ministry Conference which will be held in April in USA. I am excited to share with brethren from different parts of the world what God is doing to us and also hear what Jesus has done to them.

We as a church we are making follow-ups to the new converts who got saved during the crusade. The respond has been positive as we have received many testimonies from different people e.g One mum who you prayed for on the last day, God healed her and she testified in the church. A brother who was HIV positive also got healed and many more.

Yours Faithfully

Pastor E. Juma


Receive Calvary greetings from the Senior Pastor, Associate Pastor, Elders and the entire congregation of the Kenya assemblies of God Tudor believing God that you have been well and all has been well with you and your ministry since you left Mombasa upon shaking the town with the ‘WORD OF GOD’. We are doing well and thank God for what he is doing in the ministry. Many people received the word during the conference in the Sanctuary and in the crusade many gave their lives to Jesus. Still many heard of what God had done to others and continued to come and got saved and gave their lives to Jesus.
We are currently preparing a great teaching for the new converts, the number of whom continues to grow virtually everyday. We had the first baptism of the new brothers and sisters in Christ on Sunday October 26th, a total of 52 people and thank God.
We take this opportunity to thank God for having put this burden upon you to reach the world and for having showed you our church as an outlet to change the hearts that were hitherto earmarked by the devil for destruction. We further thank you for having accepted God’s call to be His servant and serve His purpose.
We are looking forward for greater work for the oneness of the body of Christ in accordance with the scripture. May the hand of the Lord be upon you and your ministry and give you an impetus for His work’s accomplishments in your life in accordance with His purpose.
Pass our most sincere regards to brothers, D. Singleton, Pastor Alfonso, Steve and the entire team that accompanied you on your maiden visit to the beautiful land of Kenya.
God bless you. We love you.


Dear Stephen Galvano,

Greetings in Jesus name. I am very grateful to the Lord for releasing such a person like you who has the fathers heart. I worked with a certain Christian organization in Kenya sinc 1994 up to 2001 when a I found they were not fathers, but bosses. At the end of 2001 they took all church equipments, 1 acre plot, sound systems and was left without nothing. I did interpret for you at your conference in Mombasa, Kenya and the message was very strong for surely we need fathers. I founded a ministry in 2002 and the Lord’s favor has been upon me. I currently oversee 25 churches across Kenya under the ministry. Thank you for coming to Mombasa and may the Lord bless you. Yours in Christ love and my love,

Rev. Samuel Kazungu
Shelter Apostolic Mission

I greet you in the name of JESUS CHRIST our saviour, Amen. Since we held Stephen Galvano Worldwide crusade at Huruma Grounds in Eldoret we have been very blessed.

-Jackson Khaimba (Eldoret, Kenya)


About Kenya

Over the past thirty-five years Kenyans have established themselves as the world's premier distance runners. Since 1968, Kenya has collected 84 (through 2016) Olympic medals at distances between 800 and 10,000 meters, far more than any other country.

Kenya's flag is composed of three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green; the red band is edged in white; a large warrior's shield covering crossed spears is superimposed at the center.

Founding president and liberation struggle icon Jomo KENYATTA led Kenya from independence until his death in 1978, when President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI took power in a constitutional succession. The country was a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982 when the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) made itself the sole legal party in Kenya.


The population in Kenya follows three major, modern religions. Thirty-eight percent of the Kenyan population is Protestant, twenty-eight percent are Roman Catholic, and six percent are Muslim. The remaining people are followers of various traditional religions. Most of the Christian population lives in western and central Kenya, while most of the Muslims live in eastern Kenya.

The African peoples of Kenya, account for 97 percent of the total population. Apart from the African population, Kenya is home to various ethnic groups that immigrated during colonial rule from India and Pakistan. Referred to in Kenya as Asians, they are divided on the basis of religious affiliation into Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs. Although many left after independence, a substantial number remain in urban areas such as Mombasa, Nairobi, and Kisumu.

Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania
Geographic coordinates:
1 00 N, 38 00 E
Map references:
total: 582,650 sq km
water: 13,400 sq km
land: 569,250 sq km
Area - comparative:
slightly more than twice the size of Nevada
Land boundaries:
total: 3,477 km
border countries: Ethiopia 861 km, Somalia 682 km, Sudan 232 km, Tanzania 769 km, Uganda 933 km
536 km
Maritime claims:
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior
low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Kenya 5,199 m
Natural resources:
gold, limestone, soda ash, salt, rubies, fluorspar, garnets, wildlife, hydropower
Land use:
arable land: 7.03%
permanent crops: 0.91%
other: 92.06% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
670 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
recurring drought; flooding during rainy seasons
Environment - current issues:
water pollution from urban and industrial wastes; degradation of water quality from increased use of pesticides and fertilizers; water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; poaching
Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:
the Kenyan Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa; glaciers are found on Mount Kenya, Africa's second highest peak; unique physiography supports abundant and varied wildlife of scientific and economic value

Approx. 47 Million (2017)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.


Country name:
conventional long form: Republic of Kenya
conventional short form: Kenya
former: British East Africa
Government type:
Administrative divisions:
7 provinces and 1 area*; Central, Coast, Eastern, Nairobi Area*, North Eastern, Nyanza, Rift Valley, Western
12 December 1963 (from UK)
National holiday:
Independence Day, 12 December (1963)
12 December 1963, amended as a republic 1964; reissued with amendments 1979, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1991, 1992, 1997, and 2001
Legal system:
based on Kenyan statutory law, Kenyan and English common law, tribal law, and Islamic law; judicial review in High Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations; constitutional amendment of 1982 making Kenya a de jure one-party state repealed in 1991
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
chief of state: President Mwai KIBAKI (since 30 December 2002) and Vice President Michael Kijana WAMALWA (since 3 January 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Mwai KIBAKI (since 30 December 2002) and Vice President Michael Kijana WAMALWA (since 3 January 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; in addition to receiving the largest number of votes in absolute terms, the presidential candidate must also win 25% or more of the vote in at least five of Kenya's seven provinces and one area to avoid a runoff; election last held 27 December 2002 (next to be held NA December 2007); vice president appointed by the president
election results: President Mwai KIBAKI elected; percent of vote - Mwai KIBAKI 63%, Uhuru KENYATTA 30%
Legislative branch:
unicameral National Assembly or Bunge (224 seats; 210 members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms, 12 so-called "nominated" members who are appointed by the president but selected by the parties in proportion to their parliamentary vote totals, 2 ex-officio members)
elections: last held 27 December 2002 (next to be held by early 2007)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NARC 125, KANU 64, FORD-P 14, other 7; ex-officio 2; seats appointed by the president - NARC 7, KANU 4, FORD-P 1
Judicial branch:
Court of Appeal (chief justice is appointed by the president); High Court
Political parties and leaders:
Forum for the Restoration of Democracy-People or FORD-People [Kimaniwa NYOIKE, chairman]; Kenya African National Union or KANU [Uhuru KENYATTA]; National Rainbow Coalition or NARC [Mwai KIBAKI] - the governing party
Political pressure groups and leaders:
human rights groups; labor unions; Muslim organizations; National Convention Executive Council or NCEC, a proreform coalition of political parties and nongovernment organizations [Kivutha KIBWANA]; Protestant National Council of Churches of Kenya or NCCK [Mutava MUSYIMI]; Roman Catholic and other Christian churches; Supreme Council of Kenya Muslims or SUPKEM [Shaykh Abdul Gafur al-BUSAIDY]
International organization participation:
Diplomatic representation in the US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Yusuf Abdulraham NZIBO
consulate(s) general: offices in Los Angeles and New York are closed; mission to the UN remains open
FAX: [1] (202) 462-3829
telephone: [1] (202) 387-6101
chancery: 2249 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
Diplomatic representation from the US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Johnnie CARSON
embassy: US Embassy, United Nations Ave., Gigiti; P. O. Box 606 Village Market Nairobi
mailing address: Box 21A, Unit 64100, APO AE 09831
telephone: [254] (2) 537-800
FAX: [254] (2) 537-810
Flag description:
three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green; the red band is edged in white; a large warrior's shield covering crossed spears is superimposed at the center


Economy - overview:
Kenya, the regional hub for trade and finance in East Africa, is hampered by corruption and reliance upon several primary goods whose prices remain low. Following strong economic growth in 1995 and 1996, Kenya's economy has stagnated, with GDP growth failing to keep up with the rate of population growth. In 1997, the IMF suspended Kenya's Enhanced Structural Adjustment Program due to the government's failure to maintain reforms and curb corruption. A severe drought from 1999 to 2000 compounded Kenya's problems, causing water and energy rationing and reducing agricultural output. As a result, GDP contracted by 0.3% in 2000. The IMF, which had resumed loans in 2000 to help Kenya through the drought, again halted lending in 2001 when the government failed to institute several anticorruption measures. Despite the return of strong rains in 2001, weak commodity prices, endemic corruption, and low investment limited Kenya's economic growth to 1%. Growth fell below 1% in 2002 because of erratic rains, low investor confidence, meager donor support, and political infighting up to the elections. In the key December 27, 2002 elections, Daniel Arap MOI's 24-year-old reign ended, and a new opposition government took on the formidable economic problems facing the nation. Substantial donor support and rooting out corruption are essential to making Kenya realize its substantial economic potential.
purchasing power parity - $32 billion (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
0.8% (2002 est.)
GDP - per capita:
purchasing power parity - $1,020 (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 24%
industry: 13%
services: 63% (2001 est.)
Population below poverty line:
50% (2000 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 2%
highest 10%: 37.2% (2000)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
44.9 (1997)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
1.9% (2002 est.)
Labor force:
10 million (2001 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture 75%-80%
Unemployment rate:
40% (2001 est.)
revenues: $2.91 billion
expenditures: $2.97 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
small-scale consumer goods (plastic, furniture, batteries, textiles, soap, cigarettes, flour), agricultural products processing; oil refining, cement; tourism
Industrial production growth rate:
0.9% (2002 est.)
Electricity - production:
4.033 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 71%
hydro: 17.7%
other: 11.3% (2001)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
3.981 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
230 million kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
57,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
NA (2001)
Agriculture - products:
tea, coffee, corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruit, vegetables; dairy products, beef, pork, poultry, eggs
$2.1 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Exports - commodities:
tea, horticultural products, coffee, petroleum products, fish, cement
Exports - partners:
UK 13.5%, Tanzania 12.5%, Uganda 12.0%, Germany 5.5% (2001 est.)
$3 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Imports - commodities:
machinery and transportation equipment, petroleum products, motor vehicles, iron and steel, resins and plastics
Imports - partners:
UK 12%, UAE 9.8%, Japan 6.5%, India 4.4% (2001 est.)
Debt - external:
$5.7 billion (2002 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
$457 million (1997)
Kenyan shilling (KES)
Currency code:
Exchange rates:
Kenyan shillings per US dollar - 78.7491 (2002), 78.5632 (2001), 76.1755 (2000), 70.3262 (1999), 60.3667 (1998)
Fiscal year:
1 July - 30 June

Telephones - main lines in use:
310,000 (2001)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
540,000 (2001)
Telephone system:
general assessment: unreliable; little attempt to modernize except for service to business
domestic: trunks are primarily microwave radio relay; business data commonly transferred by a very small aperture terminal (VSAT) system
international: satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat
Radio broadcast stations:
AM 24, FM 18, shortwave 6 (2001)
3.07 million (1997)
Television broadcast stations:
8 (2002)
730,000 (1997)
Internet country code:
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
65 (2001)
Internet users:
500,000 (2002)

total: 2,778 km
narrow gauge: 2,778 km 1.000-m gauge (2002)
total: 63,300 km
paved: 8,940 km
unpaved: 54,360 km (2001)
note: part of the Lake Victoria system is within the boundaries of Kenya
petroleum products 483 km
Ports and harbors:
Kisumu, Lamu, Mombasa
Merchant marine:
total: 2 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 4,893 GRT/6,320 DWT
ships by type: petroleum tanker 1, roll on/roll off 1 (2002 est.)
230 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 19
over 3,047 m: 4
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 10
under 914 m: 1 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 211
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 14
914 to 1,523 m: 113
under 914 m: 83 (2002)

Military branches:
Army, Navy, Air Force
Military manpower - availability:
males age 15-49: 8,096,142 (2003 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
males age 15-49: 5,017,501 (2003 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
$185.2 million (FY02)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
1.8% (FY02)
Transnational Issues

Disputes - international:
Kenya's administrative boundary still extends into the Sudan, creating the "Ilemi triangle"
Illicit drugs:
widespread harvesting of small plots of marijuana; transit country for South Asian heroin destined for Europe and North America; Indian methaqualone also transits on way to South Africa; significant potential for money-laundering activity given the country's status as a regional financial center, massive corruption, and relatively high levels of narcotics-associated activities.